PIDE Monograph Series
Low income Reduction in Pakistan: Learning from the expertise of China
G. M. Arif and Shujaat Farooq
PAKISTAN INSTITUTE OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS ISLAMABAD
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Pakistan Institute of Development Economics Quaid-i-Azam School Campus G. O. Package 1091, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan E-mail: [email protected] org. pk Website: http://www.pide.org.pk Fax: +92-51-9248065
Designed, composed, and completed at the Magazines Division, PIDE.
Webpage 1 . Intro 2 . Methodological Issues in Poverty Assessment 3. A Review of Income, Lower income, Macroeconomic and Political Conditions 3. 1 . Country Poverty Tendencies 3. 2 . Urban Lower income 3. three or more. Social Poverty 3. some. Macro-economic and Socio-political Conditions 3. five. Should China and tiawan be a fiscal Role Style? 4. Understanding China's Progress against Lower income 4. 1 ) Rural Reforms 4. installment payments on your Public Investment in Education, Research and Infrastructure 4. 3. Labour Absorption in nonfarm Sector and Urbanisation 4. four. Regional Co-operation and Globalisation 4. your five. Rising Inequality in China 5. Poverty Reduction Tactics in Pakistan: A Traditional View a few. 1 . Terrain Reforms your five. 2 . Farming Growth and Rural Poverty 5. three or more. Rural Non-farm Economy your five. 4. Urbanisation 5. five. Public Spending 1 2 3 a few 6 six 7 11 12 12 13 16 16 16 17 18 19 twenty-two 26 29
Page 6th. Why Pakistan could not Succeed in Poverty Decrease? 6. 1 . Policy Spaces or Poor Implementation six. 2 . Weakened Institutions, Poor Governance and Deteriorating Law and Order Situation six. 3. Neglect of the Cultural Sector 6. 4. Electrical power Structures in Rural Areas 6. your five. Lack of Powerful Targeting six. 6. Excessive Population Progress 6. several. Conflicts and Poverty Decrease 7. Insurance plan Lessons intended for Pakistan 7. 1 . Property Creation several. 2 . Progress Inclusiveness 7. 3. Macroeconomic Stability 7. 4. Improving Capacity of Institutions 7. 5. Incorporation of MarketsвЂ”Development of Non-farm Sector Urbanisation 7. 6. Public Purchase 7. 7. Reducing Local Disparities several. 8. Enjoying the Demographic Dividend eight. Concluding Comments Appendix Recommendations List of Dining tables Table 1 . Table 2 . Table three or more. Incidence of Rural and Urban Low income in China and tiawan and Pakistan, 1978вЂ“2005 Governance and Institution Indicators in Pakistan and China Every Capita Salary and Chance of Rural Poverty in China
thirty-three 33 35 35 thirty-five 36 37 37 37 38 35 38 39 39 39 40 forty 40 42 43
4 10 12
Webpage Table 5. Table 5. Table 6. Table 7. Table almost 8. Table 9.
Composition of Rural Profits in China and tiawan by Productive Activities (%) Distribution of Landownership in Pakistan Percentage Distribution of Farms simply by Size and Type of Period Land Reforms in Pakistan (000 Hectares) Factor Inequality Weights of Source Earnings in Total Income Inequality Distribution of Loans by Agricultural Expansion Bank of Pakistan, 1982-83
13 18 18 nineteen 21 twenty-two 23 twenty four 25 40
Table 10. Percentage Syndication of Utilized Persons of 10 Years Age group and Over by Major Industry, 1974вЂ“2008
Table 10. Percentage of Rural People in Pakistan that Personal Shop and/or Other Businesses
Table doze. Source of Income simply by Operated Landholdings, 1986-89 and 2002 Stand 13. Special Programmes to get Poverty Lowering and Human Development
List of Figures Figure 1 . Rural Poverty in China: Populace Living Under the Poverty Collection
5 your five 7 8 9 9 9 18 15 (iii)
Figure installment payments on your Rural Lower income in Pakistan: Population Living Below the Low income Line
Determine 3. Man Development Index Trends, 1980вЂ“2010 Figure some. GDP Expansion Rate of Pakistan and China, 1980вЂ“2009 Figure five. Inflation (CPI) in Pakistan and China, 1987вЂ“2009 Physique 6. Joblessness Rate (%) in Pakistan and Chinese suppliers, 1980вЂ“2010 Determine 7. Cash flow Inequality (Gini-coefficient) in...
Recommendations: Incidence of Rural and Urban Low income in China and Pakistan, 1978вЂ“2005 Governance and Organization Indicators in Pakistan and China Per Capita Profits and Incidence of Country Poverty in China
thirty-three 33 thirty five 35 thirty five 36 thirty seven 37 thirty seven 38 37 38 39 39 39 40 45 40 40 43
Desk 10. Percentage Distribution of Employed Individuals of ten years Age
and Above by Major Sector, 1974вЂ“2008
Desk 12. Income source by Operated Landholdings, 1986-89 and 2002 Table 13. Special Programs for Low income Reduction and Human
4 Desk 1 Chance of Rural and City Poverty in China and Pakistan, 1978вЂ“2005
Country Poverty (Official) Urban Low income Rural Lower income Urban Poverty
Source: To get China, China Statistical Yearbook (Beijing: China and tiawan Statistical Publishing House, several years); for Pakistan, Economic Survey of Pakistan (1997-98 to 2006-07).
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